Retinal Treatments

Relief and possible treatment

There are several possible diseases of the retina, such as AMD, Retinal Removal, Optic Neuritis and Vascular Disease.

With a correct diagnosis, there are possible treatments which can bring relief and decrease discomfort. While a cure may not be viable, there is no reason you have to suffer from pain or discomfort. Many treatments can prevent or slow any further damage, when diagnosed early.

Manage retinal disease and discover your options.

What are some examples of retinal diseases?

Blodkärlocklusion: A blood vessel occlusion may occur in one of the arteries or veins that deliver blood to the retina and/or the nerve. These occlusions can cause serious and sudden loss of vision.

If you experience this condition, contact your doctor immediately.

There are four main types of occlusions:

Branch retinal arthral occlusion or “BRAO”
Characterized by a sudden loss of peripheral vision, and sometimes central vision, caused by a plaque that comes from the cervical core (in the neck) and sits in a branch of the retinal artery.

Branch retinal vein occlusion or “BRVO”
This type of occlusion usually occurs in people with diabetes or high blood pressure. Your ophthalmologist will diagnose the condition based on retinal bleeding along one of the retinal veins at the bottom of the eye.

Central retinal artery occlusion or “CRAO”
Appears as painless, yet extensive and sudden loss of vision, and can point to severe congestion of the carotid artery. Immediate, complete medical and eye examinations are necessary to address the root causes.

Central retinal vein occlusion or “CRVO”
Diabetes and high blood pressure are examples of risk factors for CRVO, which can cause mild to severe visual impairment. Laser and drug treatments can stop the injury and prevent vision deterioration if detected early.

AMD: Macular Degeneration
The macula or yellow spot is the most central part of the eye’s retina. Macular degeneration means there are unhealthy changes on the retina. These changes can lead to vision impairment.

Changes becomes more common the older we become. The changes in the retina can be divided into two types, a dry form and a wet form.

The dry form is the most common. Dry type represents approximately 85 percent of those who get the disease. Vision deterioration is often slow and very seldom leads to severe visual impairment.

The wet form affects the remaining approximate 10-15 percent. It occurs suddenly and can cause serious visual impairment. The wet form is caused by the formation of new blood vessels under the yellow spot. The newly formed blood vessels leak fluid, bleed easily and cause swelling under the retina. If the retina is swollen for a long time a scar is formed, resulting in visual impairment.

In the wet form of the disease, treatment can not cure but can slow down the visual impairment in some people. Early detection is key. One method that has revolutionized the treatment of “damp” macular degeneration in recent years is injection of drugs that inhibit the growth of new blood vessels.

Retinal Detachment
Retinal detachment is just what the name says – the retina detaches from its base, the inner wall of the eye. If not detected, blindness can occur.

When the retina is detached, a black shadow may appear corresponding to the area lost. The size of the shadow increases slowly.

The results from retinal surgery and treatments are usually very good.

Optic Neuritis

What is optic neuritis?
An inflammatory state of the nerve, which extends from the eye’s retina to the brain.

Sudden visual impairment occurs, usually only on one eye. Symptoms include eye sensitivity and soreness to the touch. The condition is relatively rare and the cause is not known.

When treated, the prognosis is good. Vision will almost always return after a few days or weeks, sometimes months, depending on the individual.

Characteristics

Retinal diseases cause visual impairments. It may be blurred vision, visual field failure or vision loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should always seek help immediately.

Treatments

Retinal diseases are treated with different types of laser surgery, drops and in some cases injections.